Brain injuries are complex injuries to treat and diagnosis because their symptoms mirror other medical problems. Even after a seemingly mild concussion, many people suffer long-term effects and permanent damage making these injuries catastrophic to not only the victim but also their family. It is important to seek immediate medical attention following any head injury regardless of how innocent the injury appears. To adequately diagnose a traumatic brain injury a doctor will order diagnostic testing and based on the results, the doctor will render a traumatic brain injury (TBI) diagnosis and determine the best course of treatment. If you, a friend, or family member have suffered a brain injury as a result of an accident, contact a Fresno brain injury attorney and learn about the merits of your case and the compensation you are entitled to.
What Is A Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries are caused by a severe, violent strike or blow to the head that causes the brain to bump against the skull. A traumatic brain injury can also occur when an object such as a bullet, knife, or a piece of the skull penetrates the brain. The degree of the injury will depend on several factors including the nature of the accident and the force of the impact. Traumatic brain injury can result in a severe brain injury resulting in long-term complications or even death.
Common Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries are divided into two categories: open head injury and closed head injury. Open head injuries are injuries in which the skull has been fractured or the membrane surrounding the brain have become breached. Open head injuries are very serious injuries and they often require surgical repair to remove pieces of fractured skull from the brain. Closed head injuries do not break the skull and are typically caused by blows to the Head. Open and closed head injuries require expert medical treatment in order to reduce the severity of brain damage. Common open head and closed head injuries include:
Skull fractures – Skull fractures occur when a blow to the head is so hard and severe that it breaks the skull. Sometimes this occurs without any piece of the skull moving and pressing against the brain. This is commonly known as a non-displaced fracture. When the skull bone moves and presses against the brain it’s considered a depressed skull fracture and can lead to bleeding and commonly requires surgical correction.
Concussion – A concussion is a brief loss or alteration of consciousness due to a blow to the head. A concussion could result in a short-term memory loss with complete resolution of all symptoms, or persistent symptoms such as post-traumatic headaches. In severe cases, concussions can lead to long-term memory loss, attention deficit, and behavioral and mood changes.
Hematomas – Hematomas occur when a blow to the brain ruptures one or more blood vessels that lead to bleeding or to the leaking of blood from the vessel.
Contusion – A direct blow to the head or the striking of the head against a hard surface or object can lead to bruising of the brain. A contusion may be directly under the area of impact or on the opposite side of the brain.
Common Accidents That Cause Brain Injuries
- Slip and Falls
- Motor-vehicle related collisions (i.e. motorcycle, truck)
- Sports injuries
- Explosive blasts
- Combat injuries
Can I Recover Damages?
Traumatic brain injuries cause short-term or long-term changes that affect memory, reasoning sight, balance, communication, expression, understanding, and emotions. Injuries such as these change a victims life in an instant. Brain injury victims are entitled to recover damages for loss of income, current past and future medical bills and all expenses related to their injuries and pain and suffering. If you have sustained a brain injury as a result of someone else’s negligence you have the right to receive compensation. Contact the Grossman Law Offices for a no charge brain injury consultation.